Nutritional and Herbal Solutions

Daniel C. Luthi, N.E., C.D.C., Nutritionist & Chinese Herbalist 

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Taichung, Taiwan

Phone: (886) 0933 511 140

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Gou Qi Zi - Wolfberry - Fructus Lycii

gou qi zi (fruit) 枸杞子

di gu pi (bark of the plant) 地骨皮

gou qi ye (leaves of the plant) 枸杞葉

 

 

 

Translated and edited by Joe Hing Kwok Chu at:

 

http://thedao.com/index.htm

 

Pharmaceutical name:

 英文藥名

Fructus Lycii

Latin botanical name:

拉丁文學名

Lycium barbarum L.or L chinense Mill

Pron. in Japanese:

日語發音

kukoshi

Pron. in Korean:

韓語發音

kugicha

Pron. in Cantonese:

粵音﹕

gau gei zi

Common Name:

 

Chinese wolfberry fruit, lycium fruit

Distribution:

Ninxia, Gansu, Qinghai, Tibet, Inner Mongolia (L. barbarum), Hebei (L. chinense)

Properties (characteristics)

sweet, neutral

平。

Channels (meridians) entered:

liver, lung, kidney

﹐肺﹐腎。

Actions & Indications:

nourishes and tonifies the liver and kidney; alleviates sore back, leg, and stomach;

improves night vision, blurred vision, diabetes, premature white hair and consumption.

The leaves and bark can be used for hot flashes and cough due to consumption. 

The leaves can be used for tonifying deficiency and to get rid of anxiety, pain in joints and skin,

and the toxin from boils.

Medical Function:

1.     improves and regulates immune system.

2.     anti-aging properties  : a study on 43 healthy senior adults in which each ate

50 grams of qi zi continuously for 10 days (as a therapy period). The blood tests showed that immune indicators IgA, IgG and lymph cell conversion rate were elevated, cAMP increased, cGMP decreased. The ratios of cAMP/cGMP were elevated to healthy levels.

Testosterone were elevated.

3.     lowers blood lipids,

4.     elevate level of testosterone

5.     protects liver function, prevents fatty liver

6.     contains anti-cancer properties

7.     simulates estrogens

8.     improves white blood cell counts during chemotherapy

9.     fruit, stems and leaves can lowers blood sugar 

10.   fruit, stems and leaves can lower blood pressure

11.   anti-oxidant

12.   taking gou qi zi can increase the weight of the uteri of mature and immature mice.

13.   enhance memory

14.   toxicity is minimal

 

 

  1. 對機體免疫功能的作用 ﹕能顯著提高吞噬細胞的吞噬百分率和吞噬指數,

還可提高因放射療法或惡性腫瘤所導致的免疫功能下降的患者的淋巴細胞轉化

率,和吞噬細胞的吞噬率,以提高患者的免疫能力。

  1. 抗衰老之作用 ﹕曾實驗四十三例無明顯疾病的志願老人,每日嚼服50g

連續十天為一療程,療程結束後抽血檢查,免疫功能指標可見IgA

IgG 和淋巴細胞轉換率明顯提高,反應有向年輕化逆轉的傾向。

  1. 降血脂
  2. 促進高睪丸酮之分泌,起著強壯的作用。
  3. 對肝臟的保護作用﹕枸杞水浸液對四氯化碳引起的肝損害,

有輕微的抑制脂肪在肝細胞內沈積,和促進肝細胞新生的作用。

  1. 抗癌作用
  2. 促進雌激素之分泌。
  3. 對造血系統的影響 ﹕枸杞可促進造血機能恢復,臨床可以考慮與化療藥物合用 ,預防和緩解白細胞減少症。
  1. 枸杞 葉與枸杞子都有降血糖作用
  2. 枸杞 葉與枸杞子都有降血壓作用
  3. 對子宮的作用 ﹕枸杞子對未成熟或成熟的小鼠,均有明顯的促進子宮增重的作用。 
  4. 抗氧化作用
  5. 增強記憶力
  6. 毒性小

 

Chemical ingredients:

Betaine

甜菜碱

β-sitosterol

β-穀甾醇

linoleic acid

亞麻油酸

physalien

酸漿果紅素

cryptoxanthin

黃素

atropine

阿托品

hyoscyamine

莨菪鹼

scopoletin

香豆素

trace minerals

amino acids

ash: 1.7%

其灰分1.7%

Physalein:

浆红素Physalein:

  Zeaxanthin

 玉蜀黍黄素 Zeaxanthin

  dipalmitate

  dipalmitate

Every 100 g of seed contains:

100g枸杞子

carotene

萝卜素3.96mg

lutein

黃素

thiamine

维生素B10.23mg 或稱硫胺素

riboflavin

维生素B20.33mg(黃素)

nicotinic acid

烟酸1.7mg

ascoric acid

维生素C3mg

calium 150mg

150mg

phosperous 67mg

67mg

iron 3.4mg

3.4mg

water extract pH5.5

浸出液pH5.5

According to AcДaHoB of Russia, the seed contains:

AcДaHoB等分析, :

fat 17.21%

脂肪油量為 17.21%

oil refractive Index: 1.4743

油折光率為 1.4743

total acidity: 1.28

酸价為 1.28

total iodine: 119.2

碘价為 119.2

sugar 2252%

含總糖量2252%

protein 1321%

蛋白1321%

coarse fat 814%

粗脂肪814%

 

Dosage:

root, bark and fruit: 6 to 15 g per day.

leaves are used as a vegetable.

Samples of formulae:

For spermatorrhea: gou qi zi 6 g, wu wei zi 2 g, rou cong rong 2 g, ren sheng 2 g, fu ling 3 g, shu di huang 3 g, da zao 3 g, sheng jiang 2 g, gan cao 2 g.

Cook in 600 cc of water and simmer to 300 cc. Make into 3 servings per day.

(source He Han Yao Yin Yong Fang)

For improving sperm count and sperm activity: wu zi yan zong wan (五子衍宗丸)

For premature white hair: gou qi zi 15 g, rice 30 g. Make into porridge. Use daily. (folk formula)

Modern Research:

to be loaded

 

Caution:

禁忌

Not to use in cases external heat, (like swelling with inflammation),

spleen deficient (pixu) with dampness and loose stool or diarrhea.

外部實熱、 濕滯及腸滑便溏者忌服。

 

    Quality:

  品質鑒別

The better quality qi zi is from Zhong Ning Area.

 Quality identification:

1.     Shape: oblong--not round--but not thin.

2.     Color: red or purplish red except for petals.

3.     Petal area: obviously white. If artificial color has been added, the areas where the    petals are will be tinted. Artificial coloring is a sign that the seed is of lower quality.

        Artificial coloring can be toxic.

4.     Dryness: the water content should be about 12% to 13%.

The seeds should not lump together. Test for dryness by  squeezing them together and then releasing pressure. 

Good quality seeds should not lump together; they should become loose when the pressure is released.

5.     Taste: sweet. The seeds should not taste acrid.

6.     Smell: the smell is fragrant once the package is opened.

7.     Sinking test: When dropped into water, the seeds should  float for sometimes and should not sink in a  short time.

National Quality Inspection Agency of China has banned the use

of sulfur dioxide to preserve the fruit.

 中寧枸杞子辨 资料来源:摘自美食導報20021115 

看關於二氧化硫處理過的乾貨

Lutein and zeaxanthin help protect the eyes from damaging sunrays. As people get older, these carotenoids decline in the eyes, and may cause macular degeneration.

Note: Gou qi leaves are usually sold in Chinese grocery market as vegetable. Usually the fresh leaves can be used as soup vegetable.

 

More info in Chinese:

http://www.ohayoo.com.tw/%E6%9E%B8%E6%9D%9E%E4%B9%8B%E7%9F%A5%E8%AD%98(%E5%86%8D%E7%BA%8C).htm